Salman Inayat

PhD Students
Presently Research Scientist at University of California, Davis


​Salman is an avid learner of thermoelectric materials and systems. He is skilled in physical vapor deposition (sputtering and evaporation), lithography, annealing, reactive ion etching, wet cleans and etching. His characterization skills include thermoelectric material physical and thermoelectric property characterization.

Research Interests

​His research is aimed towards nanotechnology enabled mass scale thermoelectric power harvesters. Currently he is working on macro/micro level prototype demonstrations for first breed of power generating domestic interfaces between sun and the ambient.

Selected Publications

Journal Papers:
1) G. A. Torres Sevilla, S. B. Inayat, J P. Rojas, A. M. Hussain, M. M. Hussain, “Flexible and Semi-transparent Thermoelectric Energy Harvesters from Low Cost Bulk Silicon (100)”, Small (doi: 10.1002/smll.201301025). [Cover Page]
[Highlighted in Nanowerk as spotlight: Flexible thermoelectric generator from bulk silicon, Read more:,
Nanotechweb: Flexible TEG breaks new power record, Red More:]
2) S. B. Inayat, K. R. Rader, M. M. Hussain, “Nano-manufacturing of Thermoelectric Nanomaterials (Bi0.4Sb1.6Te3/ Bi1.75Te3.25) and Their Integration into Window Glasses for Thermoelectricity Generation” Energy Tech. (Just Accepted)
3) Salman B. Inayat, Muhammad M. Hussain, “Power Generation from Thermoelectric Systems Embedded Plexiglas for Green Building Technology”, Applied Nanoscience Volume 3, Issue 3 (2013), Page 175-178, DOI: 10.1007/s13204-012-0139-z.
4) Salman B. Inayat, Kelly R. Rader, Muhammad M. Hussain, “Nano-materials Enabled Thermoelectricity from Window Glasses”, Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group), DOI: 10.1038/srep00841.
Paper highlighted in news media extensively:
a. Nature Middle East as Research Highlight: Sun's heat to power green buildings, Read more:   
b. Nanowerk as nanotechnology spotlight: Nanotechnology windows generate electricity from outside heat, Read More: 
c. Energy Harvesting Journal: Thermoelectric windows, Read more:
d. Global financial network: Equities
[Highlighted October 2012 in Beacon (KAUST monthly magazine)]

Conference Papers:
5) Aftab M. Hussain, Salman bin Inayat, Jhonathan Prieto Rojas, Galo A. Torres Sevilla and Muhammad Mustafa Hussain, “Stretchable Silicon Fabric – Mechanics and Mechanism”, MRS Fall Meeting 2013, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
6) Rabab B Bahbary, Salman B Inayat, Casey E Smith, Kelly R Rader, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain, “ Thermoelectricity from Building Infrastructure”, MRS Fall Meeting 2013, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
7) G. T. Sevilla, J. P. Rojas, S. Ahmed, A. Hussain, S. B. Inayat and M. M. Hussain, “Silicon Fabric for Multi-Functional Applications”, Transducers 2013 & Eurosensors XXVII: The 17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, Barcelona, Spain, 16th to 20th Jun 2013. [15% acceptance rate for oral presentation]
8) S. Inayat, M. M. Hussain, “Thermoelectricity for Green Building Exterior Glasses”, The 31st International & 10th European Conference on Thermoelectrics 2012, Aalborg, Denmark
9) S. Inayat, M. M. Hussain, “Transforming Window Glasses into Thermoelectric Generators for Green Building Technologies”, 2012 Asia Pacific Clean Energy Summit, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
10) Salman Inayat, Muhammad Hussain, “Nanomaterials Embedded Thermoelectric Windows as Solar Based Energy Harvesters for Green Building Technology”, MRS Fall Meeting 2012, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

US Patents:
11) US Non-provisional Patent Application No. 61/596,505: Flexible Thermoelectric Systems, Muhammad M. Hussain, Salman B. Inayat, Casey E. Smith [Recently converted to Non-provisional US Patent Application]


  • Received PhD (one of the first in KAUST) in Electrical Engineering in December 2012 - presently joining UC Davis as a Research Scientist.
  • M.S. in Electrical Engineering from University of Texas at Arlington, USA with major in VLSI Design/RFIC Design, 2005.
  • B.Sc. Electrical Engineering from University of Engineering & Technology (UET), Taxila, Pakistan, 2001.


  • 1st Prize, DOW Sustainability Innovation Students Challenge Award 2012.​
  • KAUST Provost Award 2010-2011, offered to selected students entering the PhD program.
  • KAUST Fellowship Award, 2010.
  • University of Texas at Arlington, Graduate Dean's Fellowship 2003-2005, offered to selected international graduate students.
  • University of engineering & Technology, BSc Electrical Engineering Degree earned " With Honors", 2001. A distinction achieved by the top 5 % of the batch.