Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Principal Investigator
Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering
Principal Investigator, Integrated Nanotechnology Lab at KAUST
Bldg. 3 (Ibn Sina Bldg.), Level 3, Room No. 3274
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
Thuwal 23955-6900, Makkah Province
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Dr. Muhammad Mustafa Hussain (PhD, ECE, UT Austin, Dec 2005) before joining KAUST was Program Manager of Emerging Technology Program in SEMATECH, Austin. His program was funded by DARPA NEMS, CERA and STEEP programs. A regular panelist of US NSF grants reviewing committees, Dr. Hussain is the Editor-in-Chief of Applied Nanoscience (Springer), Editor of IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Fellow of Institute of Physics, UK and Institute of Nanotechnology, UK, IEEE Electron Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer and an IEEE Senior Member. He has served as first or corresponding author in 80% of his 237 research papers (including 17 invited reviews, 18 cover articles and 101 journal papers in Nano Lett., ACS Nano, Adv. Mater., Adv. Funct. Mater., Small, Nat. Asia Mater. Lab-on-Chip, Appl. Phys. Lett., IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. J. Appl. Phys. IEEE Elect. Dev. Lett. etc.). He has 53 issued and pending US patents. His students are serving as faculty and researcher in KFUPM, KAU, UC Berkeley, TSMC, KACST, Harvard University, Yale University, Purdue University and DOW Chemicals. Scientific American has listed his research as one of the Top 10 World Changing Ideas of 2014. Applied Physics Letters selected his paper as one of the Top Papers of 2015. He has received 30 research awards including IEEE Region 5 Outstanding Individual Achievement Award 2016, Outstanding Young Texas Exes Award 2015 (UT Austin Alumni Award), US National Academies’ Arab-American Frontiers of Sensors 2015, DOW Chemical Sustainability Challenge Award 2012, etc.

Research Interests

Integration strategy development by rational design of materials, processes and devices for disruptive electronic applications focusing on smart living and sustainable future:
• Free Form Electronic Systems For Internet Of Everything Applications: Flexible, stretchable, reconfigurable CMOS electronics and CMOS technology enabled free form electronics in sticker, embedded, implantable, 3D and wearable format
• Disruptive Electronic Applications For Sustainable Future: energy harvesting and storage, water purification, agricultural productivity and food safety, environmental monitoring and preservation
• Architecturally Reconfigured Electronics: Si, SiGe, Ge, III-V nanotube and wavy transistors

Selected Publications

Top 3 Papers:
i. J. P. Rojas, G. A. Torres Sevilla, S. B. Inayat, A. M. Hussain, M. T. Ghoneim, S. Ahmed, M. M. Hussain, “Transformational Silicon Electronics” ACS Nano, 8(2), 1468–1474, February 2014.
For the first time, a manufacturable CMOS compatible approach is reported to transform any state-of-the-art electronics made on bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100), II-IV (SiGe, Ge, SiSn), III-V (GaAs, InP, etc.) into free-form electronics while preserving their state-of-the-art advantages. US Patent 9,209,083.
ii. H. M. Fahad, C.E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, M. M. Hussain, “Silicon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor with Core-Shell Gate Stacks for Enhanced High Performance Operation and Area Scaling Benefits”, Nano Lett., 11(10), 4393–4399, October 2011.
Pioneering work introduces CMOS compatible silicon nanotube transistors with core-shell gate-stack, effectively harnessing high performance while maintaining energy and area efficiency in a single device. This overcomes a decade long challenge perfectly aligned large scale integrations of 1D non-planar nanostructured devices. Follow-up papers demonstrated the device as the primary solution for implantable nanoelectronics. US Patent 9,224,813.
iii. J. E. Mink, J. P. Rojas, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Vertically grown multi-walled carbon nanotube anode and nickel silicide integrated high performance micro-sized (1.25 L) microbial fuel cell”, Nano Lett., 12(2), 791–795, February 2012.
Introducing CMOS technology enabled Ohmic Contact Metal Silicide and MWCNT in the smallest microbial fuel cell (2012) with the highest power density to accelerate throughput by eight times than the status-quo.
Next Top 10 Papers:
CMOS Technology for Free-form Electronics
1) A. M. Hussain, E. B. Lizardo, G. A. Torres Sevilla, J. M. Nassar and M. M. Hussain, “Ultra-Stretchable and Flexible Copper Interconnect Based Smart Patch for Adaptive Thermotherapy”, Adv. Healthcare Mater. 4: 665–673, April 2015.
Breakthrough paper reports digitizing century old pain management thermotherapy using a CMOS based 800% stretchable wearable smart patch operated by smart gadgets applying heat precisely and changing dimensions as needed. This innovation is presently under commercialization by a major global pharmaceutical corporation. Follow-up works demonstrated (i) stretchable wearable antenna capable of record breaking 400 meter communication (Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(42), 6565–6575, Nov 2016); and (ii) a CMOS compatible spiral design enabling 1000% stretchable mono-crystalline silicon based adaptively reconfigurable platform (Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 154101, 2014).
2) J. M. Nassar, M. D. Cordero, A. T. Kutbee, M. A. Karimi, G. A. Torres Sevilla, A. M. Hussain, A. Shamim, M. M. Hussain, “Paper Skin Multi-Sensory Platform for Simultaneous Environmental Monitoring”, Adv. Mater. Tech. (Wiley-VCH) [Just Accepted]
In this recently accepted paper, exclusively recyclable materials have been used to demonstrate a “skin” type platform with maximum sensory functionalities (pressure, temperature, air flow, pH, humidity, proximity, tactility) operating simultaneously. It also demonstrates the highest functionality-per-cost-advantage in its genre.
3) A. M. Hussain, M. M. Hussain, “CMOS Technology Enabled Flexible and Stretchable Electronics for Internet of Everything Applications”, Adv. Mater. [Invited Review Paper for Special Issue] DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504236.
This comprehensive review enumerates the challenges with the status-quo in flexible and stretchable electronics. This paper shows the indispensable nature of CMOS technology in free-form electronics in enabling pragmatic Internet of Everything applications predominantly based on the nominee’s works.
4) N. Alfaraj, A. M. Hussain, G. A. Torres Sevilla, M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, A. B. Aljedaani, M. M. Hussain, “Functional integrity of flexible n-channel metal─oxide─semiconductor field-effect transistors on a reversibly bistable platform”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 174101, December 2015.
Pioneering paper introduces reversibly bi-stable flexible material which can standalone without support. A new characterization and reliability metric is proposed and verified: cumulative impact budget, the product of force wrapping the flexible material and speed at which it wraps.
5) M. T. Ghoneim, M. A. Zidan, M. Y. Alnassar, A. N. Hanna, J. Kosel, K. N. Salama, M. M. Hussain, “Thin PZT Based Ferroelectric Capacitors on Flexible Silicon for Non-Volatile Memory Applications”, Adv. Electron. Mater. 1(6), 1500045, June 2015.
A flexible non-volatile ferroelectric memory is demonstrated with record endurance of 1B cycles operation.
6) M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, C. D. Young, G. Bersuker, M. M. Hussain, “Electrical analysis of high-κ/metal gate metal oxide semiconductor capacitors on flexible bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100)”, IEEE Trans. Reliab. 64(2), 579–585, June 2015.
Pioneering paper discusses a new scientific frontier for technology translation of free-form electronics: impact of mechanical bending-stretching-twisting and other anomalies on electrical performance and reliability.
CMOS Technology for Non-planar Nanoelectronics
7) G. A. Torres Sevilla, C. E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Flexible and Transparent Silicon Based Sub-100 nm Non-planar 3D FinFET CMOS for Brain-inspired Computation” Adv. Mater. 26(18), 2794–2799, May 2014.
Pioneering paper reports physically flexible arrays of non-planar high-performance FinFET CMOS with sub-20 nm fins using CMOS compatible process to mimic the brain’s folded architecture.
8) A. N. Hanna, M. T. Ghoneim, R. R. Bahabry, A. M. Hussain, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Area and Energy Efficient High Performance ZnO Wavy Channel Thin Film Transistor”, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. 61(9), 3223–3228, September 2014.
Represents a series of papers demonstrating novel non-planar wavy architecture, combining non-planar MugFET and planar UTB/ETBSOI or other materials. Using jointed fins, the device width is increased vertically without area penalty, enabling high performance necessary for effective computing and high-resolution display technology.
CMOS Technology in Unusual Areas for Sustainable Future
9) J. E. Mink, R. Qaisi, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Energy Harvesting from Saliva in Micro-Sized Microbial Fuel Cells” NPG (Nature) Asia Materials, 6, e89, March 2014.
Trailblazing research on use of alternative fuels (e.g. saliva) for MFCs fabricated using CMOS technology. An absolutely sustainable design makes possible the promise of point-of-care diagnosis and extremely low-cost production with unparalleled endurance.
10) S. B. Inayat, K. R. Rader, M. M. Hussain, “Nano-materials Enabled Thermoelectricity from Window Glasses”, Sci. Rep. (NPG), 2, 241, November 2012.
Groundbreaking paper presents CMOS compatible nanomanufacturing of thermoelectric glass windows producing 320 Watts from 100 ft2 with a temperature difference of 20°C between external and indoor environments. US patent 9,203,010.







PhD Electrical and Computer Engineering  University of Texas at Austin    Dec 2005
MSc Electrical and Computer Engineering (SSE) University of Texas at Austin    Aug 2004
MSc Electrical Engineering (Electrophysics)  University of Southern California   Dec 2002
BSc Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology Aug 2000

Professional Profile

• Original contributions: Creative expansion of CMOS technology in the field of free-form electronic systems and non-planar nano-scale devices for smart living and sustainable future.

• Pioneering contributions: (i) Si/SiGe/Ge/III-V nanotube transistors with core-shell gate stacks; (ii) thermoelectric windows; (iii) amorphous metal based NEM switch; (iv) flexible 3D-IC; (v) smart objects with embedded electronics; (vi) silicon tin (SiSn); (vii) tubular thermoelectric generators; (viii) sleeve electronics; (ix) Lego electronics; (x) wavy transistors; (xi) smart thermal patch; (xii) sticker electronics; (xiii) adaptively reconfigurable electronics; (xiv) wearable personalized medicinal platform; (xv) additive process induced strain engineering; (xvi) mask-less lithographic pattern based high-k/metal gate CMOS.

Scientific and Professional Memberships

Senior Member, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
Fellow, Institute of Physics (IoP), UK
Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK
Member, American Physical Society (APS)
Member, Materials Research Society (MRS)
Member, American Academy of Arts and Science (AAAS)
Member, International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE)
Member, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS)


1.       ASME Student Stipend Scholarship – awarded to Aftab Hussain to participate in ASME IMECE 2015.
2.       3rd Prize, Falling Walls 2015 Participation, KAUST – awarded to Joanna Nassar for paper skin.
3.       Falling Walls Lab 2014 (Berlin 8/9 Nov): The International Conference on Future Breakthroughs in Science and Society – awarded to Aftab Hussain for Smart Thermal Patch project.
4.       KAUST-NSF Conference on Electronic Materials, Devices and Systems for Sustainable Future 2014 Best Poster Award – awarded to Hossain Fahad for Silicon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor project.
5.       World Intellectual Property Indicators Ibtikar 2013 Silver Medal – awarded to Amal Al-Amri for sensor project.
6.       DOW Chemical Sustainability and Innovation Student Challenge Award (SISCA) 2012 – awarded $10,000 to PhD student Salman Inayat. This award recognizes and rewards graduate students for their research in developing sustainable solutions to pressing global economic, social, and environmental issues. 
7.       3rd Prize, PhD Student Research, 2nd WEP Poster Competition, 2013, KAUST – awarded to PhD students Aftab Hussain and Hossain Fahad for Silicon Nanotube FET project.
8.       1st Prize, Graduate Student Research in Solid State Electronics Track, Electrical Engineering Days – awarded to PhD student Hossain Fahad and MS student Aftab Hussain at KAUST (2012).
9.       Best Research Work and Presentation – awarded to PhD student Jhonathan Rojas in King Fahad University of Minerals and Petroleum (KFUPM) at 5th Graduate Research Symposium (2011).
10.   1st Prize, PhD Research, Physical Science and Engineering Division – awarded to PhD student Hossain Fahad at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at KAUST (2011).
11.   2nd Prize, PhD Research, Physical Science and Engineering Division – awarded to PhD student Jhonathan Rojas at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at KAUST (2011).
12.   1st Prize, PhD Research, Chemical and Life Science and Engineering Division – awarded to PhD student Justine Mink at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at KAUST (2011).
13.    University Best Teaching Assistantship Award – Nominee at University of Texas at Austin, 2005 for supervision of 10 high impact undergraduate senior design research projects with award-winning $20,000 University Co-op Award.
14.    3rd Best Undergraduate Research Project – awarded by the Faculty of Electrical Engineering (BUET) (2000).
1.       Fellow, Institute of Physics (IoP), United Kingdom (inducted February 2016)
2.       Editor, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. (from November 2015)
3.       Outstanding Young Texas Exes Award 2015
4.       Invited Participant, Arab-American Frontiers of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (Organized by The National Academies of USA and US National Science Foundation) (5 – 7 December 2015)
5.       Scientific American Top 10 World Changing Ideas 2014
6.       Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK (Invited in March 2013)
7.       IEEE Electron Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer (Selected in December 2012)
8.       Member, International Advisory Board, Energy Technology (Wiley-VCH) (Since April 2014)
9.       Local Editor-in-Chief of Applied Nanoscience – published quarterly by Springer and patronized by King Abdul Aziz City of for Science and Technology (KACST). International Editor-in-Chief: Sir Fraser Stoddart, Northwestern University.
10.   IEEE Senior Member – only 8% of nearly 400,000 IEEE members are Senior Members because of their extraordinary professional achievements (2010).
11.   Inducted Member, Engineering Honor Society (Tau Beta Pi) – for outstanding academic achievement (2003).
1.       Victor L. Hand Endowed Fellowship – awarded to 3 outstanding international graduate students for extra-ordinary academic performance at University of Texas at Austin (2003 – 2004).