Dr. Muhammad Mustafa Hussain (PhD, ECE, UT Austin, Dec
2005) before joining KAUST was Program Manager of Emerging Technology Program in
SEMATECH, Austin. His program was funded by DARPA NEMS, CERA and STEEP
programs. A regular panelist of US NSF grants reviewing committees, Dr. Hussain
is the Editor-in-Chief of Applied
Nanoscience (Springer), Editor of IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Fellow
of Institute of Physics, UK and Institute of Nanotechnology, UK, IEEE Electron
Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer and an IEEE Senior Member. He has served as first or corresponding author
in 86% of his 241 research papers (including 18 invited reviews, 19 cover
articles and 104 journal papers in Nano Lett., ACS Nano, Adv. Mater., Adv.
Funct. Mater., Small, Nat. Asia Mater. Lab-on-Chip, Appl. Phys. Lett., IEEE
Trans. Elect. Dev. J. Appl. Phys. IEEE Elect. Dev. Lett. etc.). He has 53
issued and pending US patents. His students are serving as faculty and
researchers in MIT, UC Berkeley, Harvard, Yale, Purdue, TSMC, KACST, KFUPM,
KAU, and DOW Chemicals. Scientific American has listed his research as one of
the Top 10 World Changing Ideas of 2014. Applied Physics Letters selected his
paper as one of the Top Papers of 2015. He has received 35 research awards
including IEEE Region 5 Outstanding Individual Achievement Award 2016, Outstanding
Young Texas Exes Award 2015 (UT Austin Alumni Award), US National Academies’
Arab-American Frontiers of Sensors 2015, DOW Chemical Sustainability Challenge
Award 2012, etc. His research has been highlighted extensively in international
media like in Washington Post, Wall Street Journal (WSJ), IEEE Spectrum, etc. His
research interest is to expanding the horizon of CMOS electronics and
technology for futuristic applications.
Top 3 Papers:
i. J. P. Rojas, G. A. Torres Sevilla, S. B. Inayat, A. M. Hussain, M. T. Ghoneim, S. Ahmed, M. M. Hussain, “Transformational Silicon Electronics” ACS Nano, 8(2), 1468–1474, February 2014.
For the first time, a manufacturable CMOS compatible approach is reported to transform any state-of-the-art electronics made on bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100), II-IV (SiGe, Ge, SiSn), III-V (GaAs, InP, etc.) into free-form electronics while preserving their state-of-the-art advantages. US Patent 9,209,083.
ii. H. M. Fahad, C.E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, M. M. Hussain, “Silicon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor with Core-Shell Gate Stacks for Enhanced High Performance Operation and Area Scaling Benefits”, Nano Lett., 11(10), 4393–4399, October 2011.
Pioneering work introduces CMOS compatible silicon nanotube transistors with core-shell gate-stack, effectively harnessing high performance while maintaining energy and area efficiency in a single device. This overcomes a decade long challenge perfectly aligned large scale integrations of 1D non-planar nanostructured devices. Follow-up papers demonstrated the device as the primary solution for implantable nanoelectronics. US Patent 9,224,813.
iii. J. E. Mink, J. P. Rojas, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Vertically grown multi-walled carbon nanotube anode and nickel silicide integrated high performance micro-sized (1.25 L) microbial fuel cell”, Nano Lett., 12(2), 791–795, February 2012.
Introducing CMOS technology enabled Ohmic Contact Metal Silicide and MWCNT in the smallest microbial fuel cell (2012) with the highest power density to accelerate throughput by eight times than the status-quo.
Next Top 10 Papers:
CMOS Technology for Free-form Electronics
1) A. M. Hussain, E. B. Lizardo, G. A. Torres Sevilla, J. M. Nassar and M. M. Hussain, “Ultra-Stretchable and Flexible Copper Interconnect Based Smart Patch for Adaptive Thermotherapy”, Adv. Healthcare Mater. 4: 665–673, April 2015.
Breakthrough paper reports digitizing century old pain management thermotherapy using a CMOS based 800% stretchable wearable smart patch operated by smart gadgets applying heat precisely and changing dimensions as needed. This innovation is presently under commercialization by a major global pharmaceutical corporation. Follow-up works demonstrated (i) stretchable wearable antenna capable of record breaking 400 meter communication (Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(42), 6565–6575, Nov 2016); and (ii) a CMOS compatible spiral design enabling 1000% stretchable mono-crystalline silicon based adaptively reconfigurable platform (Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 154101, 2014).
2) J. M. Nassar, M. D. Cordero, A. T. Kutbee, M. A. Karimi, G. A. Torres Sevilla, A. M. Hussain, A. Shamim, M. M. Hussain, “Paper Skin Multi-Sensory Platform for Simultaneous Environmental Monitoring”, Adv. Mater. Tech. (Wiley-VCH) [Just Accepted]
In this recently accepted paper, exclusively recyclable materials have been used to demonstrate a “skin” type platform with maximum sensory functionalities (pressure, temperature, air flow, pH, humidity, proximity, tactility) operating simultaneously. It also demonstrates the highest functionality-per-cost-advantage in its genre.
3) A. M. Hussain, M. M. Hussain, “CMOS Technology Enabled Flexible and Stretchable Electronics for Internet of Everything Applications”, Adv. Mater. [Invited Review Paper for Special Issue] DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504236.
This comprehensive review enumerates the challenges with the status-quo in flexible and stretchable electronics. This paper shows the indispensable nature of CMOS technology in free-form electronics in enabling pragmatic Internet of Everything applications predominantly based on the nominee’s works.
4) N. Alfaraj, A. M. Hussain, G. A. Torres Sevilla, M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, A. B. Aljedaani, M. M. Hussain, “Functional integrity of flexible n-channel metal─oxide─semiconductor field-effect transistors on a reversibly bistable platform”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 174101, December 2015.
Pioneering paper introduces reversibly bi-stable flexible material which can standalone without support. A new characterization and reliability metric is proposed and verified: cumulative impact budget, the product of force wrapping the flexible material and speed at which it wraps.
5) M. T. Ghoneim, M. A. Zidan, M. Y. Alnassar, A. N. Hanna, J. Kosel, K. N. Salama, M. M. Hussain, “Thin PZT Based Ferroelectric Capacitors on Flexible Silicon for Non-Volatile Memory Applications”, Adv. Electron. Mater. 1(6), 1500045, June 2015.
A flexible non-volatile ferroelectric memory is demonstrated with record endurance of 1B cycles operation.
6) M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, C. D. Young, G. Bersuker, M. M. Hussain, “Electrical analysis of high-κ/metal gate metal oxide semiconductor capacitors on flexible bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100)”, IEEE Trans. Reliab. 64(2), 579–585, June 2015.
Pioneering paper discusses a new scientific frontier for technology translation of free-form electronics: impact of mechanical bending-stretching-twisting and other anomalies on electrical performance and reliability.
CMOS Technology for Non-planar Nanoelectronics
7) G. A. Torres Sevilla, C. E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Flexible and Transparent Silicon Based Sub-100 nm Non-planar 3D FinFET CMOS for Brain-inspired Computation” Adv. Mater. 26(18), 2794–2799, May 2014.
Pioneering paper reports physically flexible arrays of non-planar high-performance FinFET CMOS with sub-20 nm fins using CMOS compatible process to mimic the brain’s folded architecture.
8) A. N. Hanna, M. T. Ghoneim, R. R. Bahabry, A. M. Hussain, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Area and Energy Efficient High Performance ZnO Wavy Channel Thin Film Transistor”, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. 61(9), 3223–3228, September 2014.
Represents a series of papers demonstrating novel non-planar wavy architecture, combining non-planar MugFET and planar UTB/ETBSOI or other materials. Using jointed fins, the device width is increased vertically without area penalty, enabling high performance necessary for effective computing and high-resolution display technology.
CMOS Technology in Unusual Areas for Sustainable Future
9) J. E. Mink, R. Qaisi, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Energy Harvesting from Saliva in Micro-Sized Microbial Fuel Cells” NPG (Nature) Asia Materials, 6, e89, March 2014.
Trailblazing research on use of alternative fuels (e.g. saliva) for MFCs fabricated using CMOS technology. An absolutely sustainable design makes possible the promise of point-of-care diagnosis and extremely low-cost production with unparalleled endurance.
10) S. B. Inayat, K. R. Rader, M. M. Hussain, “Nano-materials Enabled Thermoelectricity from Window Glasses”, Sci. Rep. (NPG), 2, 241, November 2012.
Groundbreaking paper presents CMOS compatible nanomanufacturing of thermoelectric glass windows producing 320 Watts from 100 ft2 with a temperature difference of 20°C between external and indoor environments. US patent 9,203,010.
Scientific and Professional Memberships
Senior Member, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
Fellow, Institute of Physics (IoP), UK
Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK
Member, American Physical Society (APS)
Member, Materials Research Society (MRS)
Member, American Academy of Arts and Science (AAAS)
Member, International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE)
Member, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS)
AND SCHOLARLY AWARDS (Student or post-doc advisees are underlined)
2016: 3rd Prize, Falling Walls 2015, KAUST
awarded to PhD student Arwa Kutbee (Finalist in World Final in Berlin 9th
2016: 5th Prize, Falling Walls 2016, KAUST
awarded to PhD student Galo Torres Sevilla
2016: Invited Speaker, TEDx Saudi Arabia, KAUST, Saudi
2016: Invited Speaker, TEDxGateway, India 2016
2016: Invited Participant, Arab-American Frontiers of
Science, Engineering and Medical Science 2016 (Organized by The National
Academies of USA and US National Sciecne Foundation)
2016: IEEE Region 5 Outstanding Individual Achievement
2016: Top Paper 2015, Applied Physics Letters –for the
paper by N. Alfaraj, A. M. Hussain, G. A. Torres Sevilla, M. T. Ghoneim, J.
P. Rojas, A. B. Aljedaani, and M. M. Hussain,“Functional
integrity of flexible n-channel metal─oxide─semiconductor field-effect transistors on a reversibly
bistable platform, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 174101 (2015). [Cover Page and
Feature Article]; http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4934355)
2016: Best Poster Award in Electronic Materials to PhD
Student Arwa Kutbee, KAUST-NSF Research Conference on Electronic
Materials, Devices and Systems 2016
2016: Best Poster Award in Electron Devices to PhD
Student Galo Torres Sevilla, KAUST-NSF Research Conference on Electronic
Materials, Devices and Systems 2016
2016: Fellow, Institute of Physics (IoP), United
Kingdom (inducted February 2016)
2015: Editor, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. (from November
2015: Outstanding Young Texas Exes Award 2015 (Univ.
Texas Austin Alumni Award)
2015: Invited Participant, Arab-American Frontiers of
Sensors 2015 (Organized by The National Academies of USA and US National
2015: ASME Student Stipend to PhD Student Aftab
Hussain, ASME IMECE 2015
2015: 3rd Prize, Falling Walls 2015, KAUST
awarded to PhD student Joanna Nassar
2014: Scientific American Top 10 World Changing Ideas
2014 for the paper by J. E. Mink, R. Qaisi, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain,
“Energy Harvesting from Saliva in Micro-Sized Microbial Fuel Cells” NPG
(Nature) Asia Materials, (2014) 6, e89; doi:10.1038/am.2014.1
2014: Member, International Advisory Board, Energy
2014: Finalist, Falling Walls Lab 2014, PhD Student Aftab
2014: Best Poster Award in Electron Devices to PhD
Student Hossain Fahad, KAUST-NSF Research Conference on Electronic
Materials, Devices and Systems 2014
2013: World Intellectual Property 2013 Silver Medal
awarded to PhD Student Amal Al-Amri
2013: Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK (Invited
in March 2013)
2013: 3rd Prize, WEP Poster Competition awarded to PhD
Student Aftab Hussain
Chemical Sustainability and Innovation Challenge Award 2012 awarded to PhD
Student Salman Inayat for Thermoelectric Windows
2012: IEEE Electron Devices Society Distinguished
Lecturer (Selected in December 2012)
2012: Best Poster Award, Electrophysics, Electrical
Engineering, KAUST awarded to PhD Student Hossain Fahad
2011: Best Research Award, 5th Graduate
Research Symposium 2011, KFUPM awarded to PhD Student Jhonathan Rojas
2011: 1st Prize, PhD Research Award,
Physical Science and Engineering Division, KAUST awarded to PhD Student Hossain
2011: 2nd Prize, PhD Research Award,
Physical Science and Engineering Division, KAUST awarded to PhD Student Jhonathan
2011: 1st Prize, PhD Research Award,
Chemical and Life Science and Engineering Division, KAUST awarded to PhD
Student Justine Mink
2010: Editor-in-Chief of Applied Nanoscience,
2010: IEEE Senior Member – only 8% of nearly 400,000
IEEE members are Senior Members
2005: Finalist, Best Teaching Assistantship Award
2005, University of Texas at Austin
2003: Inducted Member, Engineering Honor Society (Tau
2003: Victor L. Hand Endowed Fellowship, University of
Texas at Austin
2000: 3rd Prize, Undergraduate Research
Project, Bangladesh University of Engr. and Tech.