Dr. Muhammad Mustafa Hussain (PhD, ECE, UT Austin, Dec
2005) before joining KAUST was Program Manager of Emerging Technology Program in
SEMATECH, Austin. His program was funded by DARPA NEMS, CERA and STEEP
programs. A regular panelist of US NSF grants reviewing committees, Dr. Hussain
is the Editor-in-Chief of Applied
Nanoscience (Springer), Editor of IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Fellow
of Institute of Physics, UK and Institute of Nanotechnology, UK, IEEE Electron
Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer and an IEEE Senior Member. He has served as first or corresponding author
in 80% of his 237 research papers (including 17 invited reviews, 18 cover
articles and 101 journal papers in Nano Lett., ACS Nano, Adv. Mater., Adv.
Funct. Mater., Small, Nat. Asia Mater. Lab-on-Chip, Appl. Phys. Lett., IEEE
Trans. Elect. Dev. J. Appl. Phys. IEEE Elect. Dev. Lett. etc.). He has 53
issued and pending US patents. His students are serving as faculty and
researcher in KFUPM, KAU, UC Berkeley, TSMC, KACST, Harvard University, Yale
University, Purdue University and DOW Chemicals. Scientific American has listed
his research as one of the Top 10 World Changing Ideas of 2014. Applied Physics
Letters selected his paper as one of the Top Papers of 2015. He has received 30
research awards including IEEE Region 5 Outstanding Individual Achievement
Award 2016, Outstanding Young Texas Exes Award 2015 (UT Austin Alumni Award),
US National Academies’ Arab-American Frontiers of Sensors 2015, DOW Chemical
Sustainability Challenge Award 2012, etc.
Top 3 Papers:
i. J. P. Rojas, G. A. Torres Sevilla, S. B. Inayat, A. M. Hussain, M. T. Ghoneim, S. Ahmed, M. M. Hussain, “Transformational Silicon Electronics” ACS Nano, 8(2), 1468–1474, February 2014.
For the first time, a manufacturable CMOS compatible approach is reported to transform any state-of-the-art electronics made on bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100), II-IV (SiGe, Ge, SiSn), III-V (GaAs, InP, etc.) into free-form electronics while preserving their state-of-the-art advantages. US Patent 9,209,083.
ii. H. M. Fahad, C.E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, M. M. Hussain, “Silicon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor with Core-Shell Gate Stacks for Enhanced High Performance Operation and Area Scaling Benefits”, Nano Lett., 11(10), 4393–4399, October 2011.
Pioneering work introduces CMOS compatible silicon nanotube transistors with core-shell gate-stack, effectively harnessing high performance while maintaining energy and area efficiency in a single device. This overcomes a decade long challenge perfectly aligned large scale integrations of 1D non-planar nanostructured devices. Follow-up papers demonstrated the device as the primary solution for implantable nanoelectronics. US Patent 9,224,813.
iii. J. E. Mink, J. P. Rojas, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Vertically grown multi-walled carbon nanotube anode and nickel silicide integrated high performance micro-sized (1.25 L) microbial fuel cell”, Nano Lett., 12(2), 791–795, February 2012.
Introducing CMOS technology enabled Ohmic Contact Metal Silicide and MWCNT in the smallest microbial fuel cell (2012) with the highest power density to accelerate throughput by eight times than the status-quo.
Next Top 10 Papers:
CMOS Technology for Free-form Electronics
1) A. M. Hussain, E. B. Lizardo, G. A. Torres Sevilla, J. M. Nassar and M. M. Hussain, “Ultra-Stretchable and Flexible Copper Interconnect Based Smart Patch for Adaptive Thermotherapy”, Adv. Healthcare Mater. 4: 665–673, April 2015.
Breakthrough paper reports digitizing century old pain management thermotherapy using a CMOS based 800% stretchable wearable smart patch operated by smart gadgets applying heat precisely and changing dimensions as needed. This innovation is presently under commercialization by a major global pharmaceutical corporation. Follow-up works demonstrated (i) stretchable wearable antenna capable of record breaking 400 meter communication (Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(42), 6565–6575, Nov 2016); and (ii) a CMOS compatible spiral design enabling 1000% stretchable mono-crystalline silicon based adaptively reconfigurable platform (Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 154101, 2014).
2) J. M. Nassar, M. D. Cordero, A. T. Kutbee, M. A. Karimi, G. A. Torres Sevilla, A. M. Hussain, A. Shamim, M. M. Hussain, “Paper Skin Multi-Sensory Platform for Simultaneous Environmental Monitoring”, Adv. Mater. Tech. (Wiley-VCH) [Just Accepted]
In this recently accepted paper, exclusively recyclable materials have been used to demonstrate a “skin” type platform with maximum sensory functionalities (pressure, temperature, air flow, pH, humidity, proximity, tactility) operating simultaneously. It also demonstrates the highest functionality-per-cost-advantage in its genre.
3) A. M. Hussain, M. M. Hussain, “CMOS Technology Enabled Flexible and Stretchable Electronics for Internet of Everything Applications”, Adv. Mater. [Invited Review Paper for Special Issue] DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504236.
This comprehensive review enumerates the challenges with the status-quo in flexible and stretchable electronics. This paper shows the indispensable nature of CMOS technology in free-form electronics in enabling pragmatic Internet of Everything applications predominantly based on the nominee’s works.
4) N. Alfaraj, A. M. Hussain, G. A. Torres Sevilla, M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, A. B. Aljedaani, M. M. Hussain, “Functional integrity of flexible n-channel metal─oxide─semiconductor field-effect transistors on a reversibly bistable platform”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 174101, December 2015.
Pioneering paper introduces reversibly bi-stable flexible material which can standalone without support. A new characterization and reliability metric is proposed and verified: cumulative impact budget, the product of force wrapping the flexible material and speed at which it wraps.
5) M. T. Ghoneim, M. A. Zidan, M. Y. Alnassar, A. N. Hanna, J. Kosel, K. N. Salama, M. M. Hussain, “Thin PZT Based Ferroelectric Capacitors on Flexible Silicon for Non-Volatile Memory Applications”, Adv. Electron. Mater. 1(6), 1500045, June 2015.
A flexible non-volatile ferroelectric memory is demonstrated with record endurance of 1B cycles operation.
6) M. T. Ghoneim, J. P. Rojas, C. D. Young, G. Bersuker, M. M. Hussain, “Electrical analysis of high-κ/metal gate metal oxide semiconductor capacitors on flexible bulk mono-crystalline silicon (100)”, IEEE Trans. Reliab. 64(2), 579–585, June 2015.
Pioneering paper discusses a new scientific frontier for technology translation of free-form electronics: impact of mechanical bending-stretching-twisting and other anomalies on electrical performance and reliability.
CMOS Technology for Non-planar Nanoelectronics
7) G. A. Torres Sevilla, C. E. Smith, J. P. Rojas, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Flexible and Transparent Silicon Based Sub-100 nm Non-planar 3D FinFET CMOS for Brain-inspired Computation” Adv. Mater. 26(18), 2794–2799, May 2014.
Pioneering paper reports physically flexible arrays of non-planar high-performance FinFET CMOS with sub-20 nm fins using CMOS compatible process to mimic the brain’s folded architecture.
8) A. N. Hanna, M. T. Ghoneim, R. R. Bahabry, A. M. Hussain, H. M. Fahad, M. M. Hussain, “Area and Energy Efficient High Performance ZnO Wavy Channel Thin Film Transistor”, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. 61(9), 3223–3228, September 2014.
Represents a series of papers demonstrating novel non-planar wavy architecture, combining non-planar MugFET and planar UTB/ETBSOI or other materials. Using jointed fins, the device width is increased vertically without area penalty, enabling high performance necessary for effective computing and high-resolution display technology.
CMOS Technology in Unusual Areas for Sustainable Future
9) J. E. Mink, R. Qaisi, B. E. Logan, M. M. Hussain, “Energy Harvesting from Saliva in Micro-Sized Microbial Fuel Cells” NPG (Nature) Asia Materials, 6, e89, March 2014.
Trailblazing research on use of alternative fuels (e.g. saliva) for MFCs fabricated using CMOS technology. An absolutely sustainable design makes possible the promise of point-of-care diagnosis and extremely low-cost production with unparalleled endurance.
10) S. B. Inayat, K. R. Rader, M. M. Hussain, “Nano-materials Enabled Thermoelectricity from Window Glasses”, Sci. Rep. (NPG), 2, 241, November 2012.
Groundbreaking paper presents CMOS compatible nanomanufacturing of thermoelectric glass windows producing 320 Watts from 100 ft2 with a temperature difference of 20°C between external and indoor environments. US patent 9,203,010.
Scientific and Professional Memberships
Senior Member, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
Fellow, Institute of Physics (IoP), UK
Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK
Member, American Physical Society (APS)
Member, Materials Research Society (MRS)
Member, American Academy of Arts and Science (AAAS)
Member, International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE)
Member, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS)
1. ASME Student Stipend Scholarship – awarded to Aftab Hussain to participate in ASME IMECE 2015.
Prize, Falling Walls 2015 Participation, KAUST – awarded to Joanna Nassar for paper skin.
Walls Lab 2014 (Berlin 8/9 Nov): The International Conference on Future
Breakthroughs in Science and Society – awarded to Aftab Hussain for
Smart Thermal Patch project.
Conference on Electronic Materials, Devices and Systems for Sustainable Future
2014 Best Poster Award – awarded to Hossain Fahad for Silicon
Nanotube Field Effect Transistor project.
Intellectual Property Indicators Ibtikar 2013 Silver Medal – awarded to Amal Al-Amri for sensor project.
Chemical Sustainability and Innovation Student Challenge Award (SISCA) 2012 – awarded $10,000
to PhD student Salman Inayat. This award recognizes and rewards graduate
students for their research in developing sustainable solutions to pressing
global economic, social, and environmental issues.
Prize, PhD Student Research, 2nd WEP Poster Competition, 2013, KAUST
– awarded to PhD students Aftab Hussain and Hossain
Fahad for Silicon Nanotube FET project.
Prize, Graduate Student Research in Solid State Electronics Track, Electrical
Engineering Days – awarded to PhD student Hossain Fahad and MS student Aftab
Hussain at KAUST (2012).
Research Work and Presentation – awarded to PhD student
Jhonathan Rojas in King Fahad University of Minerals and Petroleum (KFUPM) at 5th
Graduate Research Symposium (2011).
Prize, PhD Research, Physical Science and Engineering Division – awarded to
PhD student Hossain Fahad at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at
Prize, PhD Research, Physical Science and Engineering Division – awarded to
PhD student Jhonathan Rojas at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at
Prize, PhD Research, Chemical and Life Science and Engineering Division – awarded to
PhD student Justine Mink at 1st Graduate Research Symposium at KAUST
13. University Best Teaching
Assistantship Award – Nominee at University of Texas at Austin, 2005 for supervision
of 10 high impact undergraduate senior design research projects with award-winning
$20,000 University Co-op Award.
Best Undergraduate Research Project – awarded by the Faculty of
Electrical Engineering (BUET) (2000).
1. Fellow, Institute of Physics
(IoP), United Kingdom (inducted February 2016)
IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. (from November 2015)
Young Texas Exes Award 2015
Participant, Arab-American Frontiers of Science, Engineering, and Medicine
(Organized by The National Academies of USA and US National Science Foundation)
(5 – 7 December 2015)
American Top 10 World Changing Ideas 2014
6. Fellow, Institute of Nanotechnology, UK
(Invited in March 2013)
7. IEEE Electron Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer (Selected
in December 2012)
International Advisory Board, Energy Technology (Wiley-VCH) (Since April 2014)
Editor-in-Chief of Applied Nanoscience – published quarterly by Springer
and patronized by King Abdul Aziz City of for Science and Technology (KACST).
International Editor-in-Chief: Sir Fraser Stoddart, Northwestern University.
Senior Member – only 8% of nearly 400,000 IEEE members are Senior Members
because of their extraordinary professional achievements (2010).
11. Inducted Member, Engineering
Honor Society (Tau Beta Pi) – for outstanding academic achievement (2003).
1. Victor L. Hand Endowed Fellowship
awarded to 3 outstanding international graduate students for extra-ordinary
academic performance at University of Texas at Austin (2003 – 2004).